Scroll down at the end of each article to read the next profile.
Jazz improvisation Although jazz is considered difficult to define, in part because it contains many subgenres, improvisation is one of its key elements.
These work songs were commonly structured around a repetitive call-and-response pattern, but early blues was also improvisational. Classical music performance is evaluated more by its fidelity to the musical scorewith less attention given to interpretation, ornamentation, and accompaniment.
The classical performer's goal is to play the composition as it was written. In contrast, jazz is often characterized by the product of interaction and collaboration, placing less value on the contribution of the composer, if there is one, and more on the performer.
Depending on the performer's mood, experience, and interaction with band members or audience members, the performer may change melodies, harmonies, and time signatures.
New Orleans jazz, performers took turns playing melodies and improvising countermelodies. In the swing era of the s—'40s, big bands relied more on arrangements which were written or learned by ear and memorized.
Soloists improvised within these arrangements. In the bebop era of the s, big bands gave way to small groups and minimal arrangements in which the melody was stated briefly at the beginning and most of the song was improvised. Modal jazz abandoned chord progressions to allow musicians to improvise even more.
In many forms of jazz, a soloist is supported by a rhythm section of one or more chordal instruments piano, guitardouble bass, and drums. The rhythm section plays chords and rhythms that outline the song structure and complement the soloist.
Tradition and race[ edit ] Since the emergence of bebop, forms of jazz that are commercially oriented or influenced by popular music have been criticized. According to Bruce Johnson, there has always been a "tension between jazz as a commercial music and an art form".
An alternative view is that jazz can absorb and transform diverse musical styles. For others, jazz is a reminder of "an oppressive and racist society and restrictions on their artistic visions".
If not for a stint in reform school, young Louis Armstrong might never have become a musician. It was a teacher at the Colored Waifs? Home who gave him a cornet, promoted him to band leader, and saw talent in the tough kid from the even tougher New Orleans neighborhood called Storyville. Louis Armstrong's Influential Career Louis Armstrong’s Influential Career Louis Armstrong was the most successful and talented jazz musician in history. His influence and expansive career continues to make waves in the jazz world. That is what made him become what he is to many today – a legend. Louis Armstrong is a very talented musician, actor, and singer - Biography: Louis Armstrong introduction. He has lived a prosperous life with a lot of success and an equal amount of downfalls. Louis Armstrong’s story goes back to over one hundred years ago.
Papa Jack Lainewho ran the Reliance band in New Orleans in the s, was called "the father of white jazz". Others from Chicago such as Benny Goodman and Gene Krupa became leading members of swing during the s. These musicians helped change attitudes toward race in the U.
Betty Carter was known for her improvisational style and scatting. Female jazz performers and composers have contributed throughout jazz history. Women began playing instruments in jazz in the early s, drawing particular recognition on piano. Women were members of the big bands of Woody Herman and Gerald Wilson.
From the s onwards many women jazz instrumentalists became prominent, some sustaining lengthy careers.
Over the decades, some of the most distinctive improvisers, composers and bandleaders in jazz have been women. Kemble from a century later In the late 18th-century painting The Old PlantationAfrican-Americans dance to banjo and percussion. By the 18th century, slaves gathered socially at a special market, in an area which later became known as Congo Square, famous for its African dances.
Robert Palmer said of percussive slave music: Usually such music was associated with annual festivals, when the year's crop was harvested and several days were set aside for celebration.
As late asa traveler in North Carolina saw dancers dressed in costumes that included horned headdresses and cow tails and heard music provided by a sheepskin-covered "gumbo box", apparently a frame drum; triangles and jawbones furnished the auxiliary percussion.
There are quite a few [accounts] from the southeastern states and Louisiana dating from the period — Some of the earliest [Mississippi] Delta settlers came from the vicinity of New Orleans, where drumming was never actively discouraged for very long and homemade drums were used to accompany public dancing until the outbreak of the Civil War.
However, as Gerhard Kubik points out, whereas the spirituals are homophonicrural blues and early jazz "was largely based on concepts of heterophony.
In turn, European-American minstrel show performers in blackface popularized the music internationally, combining syncopation with European harmonic accompaniment.
In the mids the white New Orleans composer Louis Moreau Gottschalk adapted slave rhythms and melodies from Cuba and other Caribbean islands into piano salon music. African rhythmic retention[ edit ] See also: Traditional sub-Saharan African harmony The " Black Codes " outlawed drumming by slaves, which meant that African drumming traditions were not preserved in North America, unlike in Cuba, Haiti, and elsewhere in the Caribbean.
African-based rhythmic patterns were retained in the United States in large part through "body rhythms" such as stomping, clapping, and patting juba dancing.
Tresillo shown below is the most basic and most prevalent duple-pulse rhythmic cell in sub-Saharan African music traditions and the music of the African Diaspora. John Storm Roberts states that the musical genre habanera "reached the U.
Comparing the music of New Orleans with the music of Cuba, Wynton Marsalis observes that tresillo is the New Orleans "clave", a Spanish word meaning 'code' or 'key', as in the key to a puzzle, or mystery. Jelly Roll Morton called the rhythmic figure the Spanish tinge and considered it an essential ingredient of jazz.Musicians.
Louis Armstrong: Satchmo, Pops, Dipper, New Orleans' most famous son--whatever you want to call him, Louis Armstrong's influence on jazz music and the city of New Orleans cannot be benjaminpohle.comg up poor in the city, Armstrong took to playing cornet during his time at the New Orleans Home for Colored Waifs, and gained experience playing on Mississippi riverboats and with his.
Louis Armstrong, August 4, Louis Armstrong was not only famous for his colorful and charismatic personality but also as one of the most talented American singer and jazz trumpeter, With his powerful, gravelly voice, improvisation skills and a career that spanned five decades from the s all the way to the s, Louis Armstrong was indeed one of the most influential figures in jazz music.
Jacques Gilbert Physicist by trade and amateur musician born in Quebec in , Jacques Gilbert began playing trumpet in with a number of Montreal big band formations of the era. If not for a stint in reform school, young Louis Armstrong might never have become a musician.
It was a teacher at the Colored Waifs?
Get up to the minute entertainment news, celebrity interviews, celeb videos, photos, movies, TV, music news and pop culture on benjaminpohle.com Big Band Music page spans the Big Band Era and beyond with a list of Big Bandleaders and their biographies plus historic Jazz magazine articles including photos and. Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime. Jazz is seen by many as "America's classical music". Since the s Jazz Age, jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical benjaminpohle.com then emerged in the form of independent traditional.
Home who gave him a cornet, promoted him to band leader, and saw talent in the tough kid from the even tougher New Orleans neighborhood called Storyville.
In the summer of , in commemoration of the centennial of Armstrong's birth, New Orleans's main airport was renamed Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport.
Watch video · In , Louis Armstrong became the first African-American jazz musician to write an autobiography, Swing That Music.
Did You Know? Also in , Louis Armstrong became the first African American to get featured billing in a major Hollywood movie with his turn in Pennies from Heaven.