This answer will address the terms as they are popularly used. Socialism describes a political and economic system where the people, through their government, control the means of production, i. Socialist systems are generally "planned" economies, in that the economy is regulated and controlled, to a large extent, by the central government.
Copyright revised StudentNewsDaily. We all want the same things in life. We want freedom; we want the chance for prosperity; we want as few people suffering as possible; we want healthy children; we want to have crime-free streets.
The argument is how to achieve them… Liberals believe in government action to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all. It is the duty of the government to alleviate social ills and to protect civil liberties and individual and human rights. Believe the role of the government should be to guarantee that no one is in need.
Liberal policies generally emphasize the need for the government to solve problems. Conservatives believe in personal responsibility, limited government, free markets, individual liberty, traditional American values and a strong national defense. Believe the role of government should be to provide people the freedom necessary to pursue their own goals.
Conservative policies generally emphasize empowerment of the individual to solve problems.
And check out our page: In the United States, liberals are referred to as the left or left-wing and conservatives are referred to as the right or right-wing. In alphabetical order Abortion Liberal A woman has the right to decide what happens with her body.
A fetus is not a human life, so it does not have separate individual rights. The government should provide taxpayer funded abortions for women who cannot afford them. Women have the right to affordable, safe and legal abortions, including partial birth abortion. Conservative Human life begins at conception.
Abortion is the murder of a human being. An unborn baby, as a living human being, has separate rights from those of the mother. Taxpayer dollars should not be used for the government to provide abortions.
The head is then removed from the uterus. Affirmative Action Liberal Due to prevalent racism in the past, minorities were deprived of the same education and employment opportunities as whites.
The government must work to make up for that. America is still a racist society, therefore a federal affirmative action law is necessary. Due to unequal opportunity, minorities still lag behind whites in all statistical measurements of success.
Conservative Individuals should be admitted to schools and hired for jobs based on their ability. It is unfair to use race as a factor in the selection process. Reverse-discrimination is not a solution for racism. Some individuals in society are racist, but American society as a whole is not.
Preferential treatment of certain races through affirmative action is wrong. Death Penalty Liberal The death penalty should be abolished. Imprisonment is the appropriate punishment for murder.
Every execution risks killing an innocent person. Economy Liberal A market system in which government regulates the economy is best.
Government must protect citizens from the greed of big business. Unlike the private sector, the government is motivated by public interest.
Government regulation in all areas of the economy is needed to level the playing field. Conservative The free market system, competitive capitalism, and private enterprise create the greatest opportunity and the highest standard of living for all. Free markets produce more economic growth, more jobs and higher standards of living than those systems burdened by excessive government regulation.
Vouchers take money away from public schools. Government should focus additional funds on existing public schools, raising teacher salaries and reducing class size. Conservative School vouchers create competition and therefore encourage schools to improve performance.
Vouchers will give all parents the right to choose good schools for their children, not just those who can afford private schools.
It is necessary and ethical for the government to fund embryonic stem cell research, which will assist scientists in finding treatments and cures for diseases.In order to provide the OP with a general overview, I have decided to write out the key ideas of conservatism and liberalism as published in the book Politics by Andrew Heywood.
Liberalism: Key Ideas. Originally Answered: What is the difference between a liberal and a conservative? Nov 30, · Liberalism conservatism and socialism are social and political doctrines. Their views on society and how it is governed have evolved over the years although they have differences their main objective of leading society for the better remains the same, but they differ how to implement this.
A Comparison Of Liberalism Socialism And Nationalism Politics Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional academic writers.
You can view samples of our professional work here. Apr 03, · In this essay, the ideologies of liberalism and conservatism will be compared and contrasted in historical perspective by looking at these three areas: freedom, human nature, and the Reviews: 7.
Get an answer for 'Describe the different ideas in socialism, liberalism and conservatism? ' and find homework help for other Political Theory questions at eNotes Unlike conservatism and. Historically, Liberalism was the predominant political philosophy behind revolutions it has incorporated more radical ideas, especially compared with classic Conservatism.
As a result, Liberalism came include radical ideas such as l imited Socialism including concepts that pertain to the welfare state more readily.