Visit Website After his mother, Klara, died inHitler moved to Vienna, where he pieced together a living painting scenery and monuments and selling the images. Lonely, isolated and a voracious reader, Hitler became interested in politics during his years in Vienna, and developed many of the ideas that would shape Nazi ideology. When World War I broke out the following summer, he successfully petitioned the Bavarian king to be allowed to volunteer in a reserve infantry regiment. Deployed in October to Belgium, Hitler served throughout the Great War and won two decorations for bravery, including the rare Iron Cross First Class, which he wore to the end of his life.
Berlin, Germany German dictator and nationalist The German dictator Adolf Hitler led the extreme nationalist and racist Nazi party and served as chancellor-president of Germany from to Arguably one of the most effective and powerful leaders of the twentieth century, his leadership led to the deaths of nearly six million Jews.
The son of an extremely strong-willed Austrian customs official, his early youth seems to have been controlled by his father until his death in Adolf soon became rebellious and began failing at school.
He finally left formal education altogether in and began his long years of aimless existence, reading, painting, wandering in the woods, and dreaming of becoming a famous artist. Inwhen his mother died, he moved to Vienna in an attempt to enroll in the famed Academy of Fine Arts.
His failure to gain admission that year and the next led him into a period of deep depression as he drifted away from his friends.
It was during this time of feeling rootless that Hitler first became fascinated by the immense potential of mass political manipulation control.
He was particularly impressed by the successes of the anti-Semitic, or anti-Jewish, nationalist Christian-Socialist party of Vienna Mayor Karl Lueger — Lueger's party efficiently used propaganda spreading a message through literature and the media and mass organization.
Hitler began to develop the extreme anti-Semitism and racial mythology that were to remain central to his own "ideology" and that of the Nazi party. In MayHitler returned to Munich, and after the outbreak of World War I —18 a year later, he volunteered for action in the German army in their war against other European powers and America.
During the war he fought on Germany's Western front with distinction but gained no promotion advancement beyond the rank of corporal a low-ranking military officer. Injured twice, he won several awards for bravery, among them the highly respected Iron Cross First Class.
Early Nazi years The end of the war left Hitler without a place or goal and drove him to join the many veterans who continued to fight in the streets of Germany. In the spring ofhe found employment as a political officer in the army in Munich with the help of an adventurer-soldier by the name of Ernst Roehm — —later head of Hitler's elite soldiers, the storm troopers SA.
In this capacity Hitler attended a meeting of the so-called German Workers' party, a nationalist, anti-Semitic, and socialist group, in September He quickly distinguished himself as this party's most popular and impressive speaker and propagandist, and he helped to increase its membership dramatically to some six thousand by The poor economic conditions of the following years contributed to the rapid growth of the party.
By the end ofHitler could count on a following of some fifty-six thousand members and many more sympathizers, and regarded himself as a strong force in Bavarian and German politics. Hitler hoped to use the crisis conditions to stage his own overthrow of the Berlin government.
For this purpose he staged the Nazi Beer Hall Putsch of November 8—9,by which he hoped to force the conservative-nationalist Bavarian government to cooperate with him in a "March on Berlin. Hitler was tried for treason high crimes against one's country and given the rather mild sentence of a year's imprisonment in the old fort of Landsberg.
It was during this prison term that many of Hitler's basic ideas of political strategy and tactics matured.
Here he outlined his major plans and beliefs in Mein Kampfwhich he dictated to his loyal confidant Rudolf Hess — He planned the reorganization of his party, which had been outlawed and had lost much of its appeal.
After his release, Hitler reconstituted the party around a group of loyal followers who were to remain the center of the Nazi movement and state. Rise to power With the outbreak of world depression in the s, the fortunes of Hitler's movement rose rapidly.
In the elections of Septemberthe Nazis polled almost 6.
In NovemberPresident Hindenburg — reluctantly called Hitler to the chancellorship to head a coalition government of Nazis, conservative German nationalists, and several prominent independents.
The first two years in office were almost wholly dedicated to balancing power. With several important Nazis in key positions and Hitler's military ally Werner von Blomberg in the Defense Ministry, he quickly gained practical control. Hitler rapidly eliminated his political rivals and brought all levels of government and major political institutions under his control.
The death of President Hindenburg in August cleared the way for Hitler to remove the title of president. Joseph Goebbels's — extensive propaganda machine and Heinrich Himmler's — police system perfected the complete control of Germany.
Likewise, Hitler's rule was demonstrated most impressively in the great Nazi mass rally of in Nuremberg, Germany, where millions marched in unison and saluted Hitler's theatrical appeals.— Adolf Hitler addressing the German Reichstag, 30 January A wagon piled high with corpses outside the crematorium in the liberated Buchenwald concentration camp (April ) The Holocaust and Germany's war in the East were based on Hitler's long-standing view that the Jews were the enemy of the German people and that Lebensraum was needed for Germany's expansion.
Oct 29, · Watch video · Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the Nazi Party. On this day in , Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the National Socialist German Workers’ (Nazi) Party.
May 04, · On April 30, , German dictator Adolf Hitler committed suicide alongside his new wife Eva Braun as his country fell to World War II. Take a look back at the life of . Adolf Hitler was born on 20 April in the small Austrian town of Braunau am Inn, in Upper Austria on the Austrian-German border.
His father, Alois, was a customs official while his mother, Klara. Watch video · Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany from to He initiated fascist policies that led to World War II and the deaths of at least 11 .
Oct 15, · Eva Braun met Hitler when she was a year-old, convent-educated shop-girl working for Hitler’s official photographer, and he was a 40‑year-old aspiring politician.