Huck Finn, the natural boy, resistant to civilization and hungry for adventure, morally right and often legally wrong, is as vivid and familiar a personality to readers as any childhood friend.
The Controversy and the Challenge Resources on this Site: The Struggle for Tolerance by Peaches Henry. Racism and Huckleberry Finn by Allen Webb includes list of works for teaching about slavery. The Struggle for Tolerance: Eliot, by declaring it "a masterpiece," 3 struck the novel certainly its most fateful and possibly its most fatal blow.
Topeka Board of Education, the Supreme Court case that ended public school segregation, legally if not actually, in Desegregation and the civil rights movement deposited Huck in the midst of American literature classes which were no longer composed of white children only, but now were dotted with black youngsters as well.
In the faces of these children of the revolution, Huck met the group that was to become his most persistent and formidable foe.
For while the objections of the Gilded Age, of fundamentalist religious factions, and of unreconstructed Southerners had seemed laughable and transitory, the indignation of black students and their parents at the portrayal of blacks in Huck Finn was not at all comical and has not been short-lived.
Though blacks may have previously complained about the racially offensive tone of the novel, it was not until September that the New York Times reported the first case that brought about official reaction and obtained public attention for the conflict.
The book was no longer available for classroom use at the elementary and junior high school levels, but could be taught in high school and purchased for school libraries. Though the Board of Education acknowledged no outside pressure to ban the use of Huck Finn, a representative of one publisher said that school officials had cited "some passages derogatory to Negroes" as the reason for its contract not being renewed.
The discontent with the racial attitudes of Huck Finn that began in has surfaced periodically over the past thirty years. In the Philadelphia Board of Education, after removing Huck Finn, replaced it with an adapted version which "tone[d] down the violence, simplify[d] the Southern dialect, and delete[d] all derogatory references to Negroes.
Such academic platitudes no longer intimidate, nor can they satisfy, parents who have walked the halls of the university and have shed their awe of academe. The debate surrounding the racial implications of Huck Finn and its appropriateness for the secondary school classroom gives rise to myriad considerations.
The actual matter and intent of the text are a source of contention.
The presence of the word "nigger," the treatment of Jim and blacks in general, the somewhat difficult satiric mode, and the ambiguity of theme give pause to even the most flexible reader. Moreover, as numerous critics have pointed out, neither junior high nor high school students are necessarily flexible or subtle readers.
The very profundity of the text renders the process of teaching it problematic and places special emphasis on teacher ability and attitude.
Student cognitive and social maturity also takes on special significance in the face of such a complicated and subtle text.
The nature of the complexities of Huck Finn places the dynamics of the struggle for its inclusion in or exclusion from public school curricula in two arenas. Public school administrators and teachers, on the other hand, field criticisms that have to do with the context into which the novel is introduced.
In neither case, however, do the opponents appear to hear each other. In their turn, censors regard academics as inhabitants of ivory towers who pontificate on the virtue of Huck Finn without recognizing its potential for harm.
Critics vilify Twain most often and most vehemently for his aggressive use of the pejorative term "nigger. Reading Huck Finn aloud adds deliberate insult to insensitive injury, complain some. Ballard recalls his reaction to having Huck Finn read aloud "in a predominantly white junior high school in Philadelphia some 30 years ago.
I wanted to sink into my seat. Some of the whites snickered, others giggled. I can recall nothing of the literary merits of this work that you term "the greatest of all American novels.
What a way to get Huck and Jim, on the one hand, and all those white racists they meet. Talk about a book coming alive! Look at that Huck Finn. Reared in racism, like all the white kids in his town.Search and browse our historical collection to find news, notices of births, marriages and deaths, sports, comics, and much more.
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. likes. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) was first published in the U.S. in as a. Cox, despite his affection for the novel and his libertarian views, admits that were he "teaching an American literature course in Bedford Stuyvesant or Watts or North Philadelphia," he might choose Twain texts other than Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
He is noted for his novels Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (), called "the Great American Novel", and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer ().
Twain grew up in Hannibal, Missouri, which would later provide the setting for Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer/5(K). Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (or, in more recent editions, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn) is a novel by Mark Twain, first published in the United Kingdom in /5.
The concept of the American Dream has been used in popular discourse, and scholars have traced its use in American literature ranging from the Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, to Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (), Willa Cather's My Ántonia, F.
Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby (), Theodore Dreiser's An American.