Life[ edit ] Shostak was raised in BrooklynNew York. She received her B. InShostak and Konner lived among the! There they learned the!
Kung know him as Erob, who "knows everything". For example, they recall a culture hero named Prishiboro who had a wife who was an elephant. Prishiboro's older brother tricked him into killing his wife and eating her flesh.
Her herd tried to kill Prishiboro in revenge, but his brother defeated them. Kung there is a strong belief in the existence of spirits of the dead llgauwasi who live immortally in the sky.
Kung fear the llgauwasi, pray to them for sympathy and mercy as well as call on them in anger. The communication with the spirit world is done by a natural healer entering a trance state and running through a fire, thereby chasing away bad spirits.
Star Sickness is cured by laying hands on the diseased. Nisa said, "I drank it a number of times and threw up again and again. Finally, I started to tremble. People rubbed my body as I sat there feeling the effect getting stronger and stronger.
It rises until it grabs your insides and takes your thoughts away. Kung state of mind having health is equivalent to having social harmony meaning that relationships within the tribe are stable and open between other people in the tribe. Any member of the!
Kung tribe can become a healer because it "is a status accessible to all," but it is a grand aspiration of many members because of its importance. This force resides in the bellies of men and women who have gone through the training and have become a healer.
Healing can be transmitted through the! Women on the other hand have a special medicine called the gwah which starts in the stomachs and kidneys.
|Marjorie Shostak | Jewish Women's Archive||Drinking water from the bi bulb plant Starting a fire by hand Preparing poison arrows San man The San kinship system reflects their interdependence as traditionally small mobile foraging bands. San kinship is comparable to Eskimo kinshipwith the same set of terms as in European cultures, but also uses a name rule and an age rule.|
|Nisa — Marjorie Shostak | Harvard University Press||Lee Although not trained as an anthropologist, Marjorie Shostak authored an anthropological classic, the internationally acclaimed Nisa:|
|A History of Civilization Harper and Row:|
|Nisa: The Life and Words of a !Kung Woman (Marjorie Shostak)||Indigenous Traditions I promised a few months ago to post more on indigenous traditions in South Africa.|
|Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Marjorie Shostak:|
During the Drum Dance, they enter the! In order to obtain the gwah power the women, "chop up the root of a short shrub, boil it into a tea and drink it.
Kung fully supports the healers and depends heavily on them. They have trust in the healers and the teachers to guide them psychologically and spiritually through life. Kung have a saying: The child's cord is not clamped or cut a form of Lotus birth or umbilical nonseveranceand the placenta is delivered and put next to the child, as guardian.
Shortly thereafter, the baby-placenta is lightly covered with another large leaf, and the new mother walks a short way to verbally alert the older women of the completed birth, at which time they join the mother and child in a ritual welcoming.
If a laboring woman is delayed in returning to the village once she has left to give birth, the older women will come looking for her to assist; however, it is said to be a rare occurrence. Children are nursed for 3—5 years, ending when the mother is pregnant with another child.
This long period of time between children makes traveling long distances on foot — like to a gathering site or new settlement — easier, since fewer children require carrying and population numbers remained controlled.
Kung people do not use contraceptives and generally do not practice abstinence, yet experience low fertility rates. However, these gender roles are not strict and people do all jobs as needed with little or no shame. Women generally take care of children and prepare food.
However, this does restrict them to their homes, since these activities are generally done with, or close to, others, so women can socialise and help each other. Men also engaged in these activities. Sexual activities amongst children are seen as natural play for both sexes.Editions for Nisa: The Life and Words of a!Kung Woman: (Paperback published in ), (Paperback published in ), (Kindle Editi.
Nisa is the autobiography of a!Kung woman, edited and commented on by Marjorie Shostak. It is divided into chapters dealing with different periods and themes of Nisa's life, beginning with her earliest memories and roughly following the course of her life through to her old age.
Men and Women, Hunters and Gatherers excerpted in its entirety from Kevin Reilly's The West and the World: A History of Civilization (Harper and Row: ). WE LIVE IN A "MAN'S WORLD." world leaders are predominantly men. Nisa is a classic in the field, written by Marjorie Shostak of her field work in the 60's and 70's on of!Kung people in Souther Africa through the narrations of one!Kung woman, Nisa.
The!Kung are significant in anthropology because they are one of the few peoples in the world that maintain a modern hunter-gatherer lifestyle (at least at the /5(67).
Beliefs. The ǃKung people of southern Africa recognize a Supreme Being (Khu/Xu/Xuba/Huwa) who is the Creator and Upholder of life. Like other African High Gods, he also punishes man by means of the weather, and the Otjimpolo-!Kung know him as Erob, who "knows everything".
They also have animistic and animatistic beliefs, which means they believe in both personifications and impersonal forces. Marjorie Shostak offers readers an interesting and insightful account of her relationship with a member of the!Kung San people of the Kalahari Desert during the early s, a woman known by the pseudonym "Nisa," in her seminal work Nisa: The Life and Words of a!Kung Woman.5/5(5).