Structure of research papers

View Sample Research Paper Outline and Format It is impossible to write a such a task without creating drafts and outlines. That is why you need to pay careful attention to the research paper outline, as it will greatly simplify your future work and make the process of creating an assignment much simpler. However, there are a few common rules and a regular structure of a research paper has the following pattern:

Structure of research papers

Describe the sampling strategy Describe the intervention if applicable Identify the main study variables Describe data collection instruments and procedures Outline analysis methods Report on data collection and recruitment response rates, etc.

Describe participants demographic, clinical condition, etc. Present key findings with respect to the central research question Present secondary findings secondary outcomes, subgroup analyses, etc.

Discussion State the main findings of the study Discuss the main results with reference to previous research Discuss policy and practice implications of the results Analyse the strengths and limitations of the study Offer perspectives for future work View Large The Methods section should provide the readers with sufficient detail about the study methods to be able to reproduce the study if so desired.

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Thus, this section should be specific, concrete, technical, and fairly detailed. The study setting, the sampling strategy used, instruments, data collection methods, and analysis strategies should be described. In the case of qualitative research studies, it is also useful to tell the reader which research tradition the study utilizes and to link the choice of methodological strategies with the research goals [ 3 ].

The Results section is typically fairly straightforward and factual. All results that relate to the research question should be given in detail, including simple counts and percentages.

Resist the temptation to demonstrate analytic ability and the richness of the dataset by providing numerous tables of non-essential results. The Discussion section allows the most freedom. This is why the Discussion is the most difficult to write, and is often the weakest part of a paper.

Structured Discussion sections have been proposed by some journal editors [ 4 ]. While strict adherence to such rules may not be necessary, following a plan such as that proposed in Table 1 may help the novice writer stay on track.

References should be used wisely. Key assertions should be referenced, as well as the methods and instruments used. However, unless the paper is a comprehensive review of a topic, there is no need to be exhaustive.

Also, references to unpublished work, to documents in the grey literature technical reportsor to any source that the reader will have difficulty finding or understanding should be avoided.

The basics Having the structure of the paper in place is a good start. However, there are many details that have to be attended to while writing. Another concerns non-native writers of English: A paper usually goes through several drafts before it is submitted.

When revising a paper, it is useful to keep an eye out for the most common mistakes Table 2. If you avoid all those, your paper should be in good shape. Table 2 Common mistakes seen in manuscripts submitted to this journal The research question is not specified The stated aim of the paper is tautological e.A Guide on How to Write Academic Papers.

Structure of a Research Paper The structure of a research paper might seem quite stiff, but it serves a purpose: It will help find information you are looking for easily and also help structure your thoughts and communication. Reports of research studies usually follow the IMRAD format.

IMRAD (Introduction, Methods, Results, [and] Discussion) is a mnemonic for the major components of a scientific paper. These elements are included in the overall structure outlined below.

I. Artificial Intelligence and Economic Growth Philippe Aghion, Benjamin F. Jones, Charles I. Jones. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in October NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship This paper examines the potential impact of artificial intelligence (A.I.) on economic growth.

Structure of the paper.

Structure of research papers

Once the research question is clearly defined, writing the paper becomes considerably easier. The paper will ask the question, then answer it. The key to successful scientific writing is getting the structure of the paper right.

The Distributed Structure-Searchable Toxicity network provides a public forum for publishing downloadable, structure-searchable, standardized chemical structure files associated with chemical inventories or toxicity data sets of environmental relevance.

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Structure of research papers

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