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Saul McLeodpublishedupdated Conformity is a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behavior in order to fit in with a group.
Group pressure may take different forms, for example bullying, persuasion, teasing, criticism, etc. Conformity is also known as majority influence or group pressure. Jenness was the first psychologist to study conformity. His experiment was an ambiguous situation involving a glass bottle filled with beans.
He asked participants individually to estimate how many beans the bottle contained. Jenness then put the group in a room with the bottle, and asked them to provide a group estimate through discussion. Participants were then asked to estimate the number on their own again to find whether their initial estimates had altered based on the influence of the majority.
Jenness then interviewed the participants individually again, and asked if they would like to change their original estimates, or stay with the group's estimate.
Almost all changed their individual guesses to be closer to the group estimate. However, perhaps the most famous conformity experiment was by Solomon Asch and his line judgment experiment. Types of Conformity Kelman distinguished between three different types of conformity: Compliance or group acceptance This occurs 'when an individual accepts influence because he hopes to achieve a favourable reaction from another person or group.
He adopts the induced behavior because In other words, conforming to the majority publiclyin spite of not really agreeing with them privately.
Compliance stops when there are no group pressures to conform, and is therefore a temporary behavior change. Internalisation genuine acceptance of group norms This occurs 'when an individual accepts influence because the content of the induced behavior - the ideas and actions of which it is composed - is intrinsically rewarding.
He adopts the induced behavior because it is congruent [consistent] with his value system' Kelman,p. Internalisation always involves public and private conformity. A person publicly changes their behavior to fit in with the group, while also agreeing with them privately.
This means the change in behavior is permanent. This is most likely to occur when the majority have greater knowledge, and members of the minority have little knowledge to challenge the majority position. Identification or group membership This occurs 'when an individual accepts influence because he wants to establish or maintain a satisfying self-defining relationship to another person or group' Kelman,p."Conformity is the most general concept and refers to any change in behavior caused by another person or group; the individual acted in some way because of influence from others.
The study also included 37 participants in a control condition. This involved having each participant give their response to the line task with only the experimenter in the room and no group of confederates.
Factors That Influence Conformity. The Asch conformity experiments are among the most famous in psychology's history and have.
In this article we will discuss about Conformity. After reading this article you will learn about: 1. Meaning of Conformity 2. The Value of Conformity 3. Factors Influencing 4.
Asch’s Study. Meaning of Conformity: Conformity is a product of social interaction. “It refers to a type of social influence in which individuals change their attitudes [ ].
Discuss factors influencing conformity. (22) Discuss (22) – A considered and balanced review, including a range of arguments, factors or hypothesis. Shades of blue study (Conformity) [A] Investigate whether a minority group can influence a bigger group through conformity.
[P] 4 subjects were placed into a room with 2 confederates and the. Start studying Factors Influencing Conformity -- UNIS IBS Psychology. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
In Asch's study on conformity, people reported that 2 lines of obviously different lengths were ____ on at least one trial, when all of the people in the experiment with them said they were the .